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Another Fisheye? Yep

8mmeosm-2009I wrote about the Rokinon/Samyang 12mm full frame fish-eye a while back and I loved it. I like to use the ultra-wides on my little EOS M3 but the 8mm Sigma circular fish-eye is unwieldy on the little mirrorless and it actually vignettes heavily in the corners on the APS/c body. It also needs too much Photoshop correction to straighten the lines for those shots where I want to correct the barrel distortion. So I saw that Samyang/Rokinon has another lens made for a variety of mirrorless bodies including the M. This is an 8mm “full-frame” fish-eye for the APS/c sensor. The lens covers a full 180 degrees corner to corner. And best of all if I want to correct the barrel distortion it works very well.

The lens has a fairly stiff focus ring which may be just my particular example or perhaps it is an issue with the lens design. The focus is however still smooth and the stiff ring is not an inhibitor at all. The barrel is all metal and the lens feels really stout. It is quite heavy for its size. The lens is nearly identical in physical size to the EOS-M 11-22mm but notably more massive at 296 grams versus 253 for the 11-22mm.

This lens has no electronic connection to the camera and of course is manual focus. It will focus down to a cozy and snug 10 inches and should provide a solid, reasonably sharp hyper-focal range of about 10 inches to infinity at F/8.0. The Samyang offers up a nice bright F/2.8 maximum aperture which is much faster than the 11-22mm which is stuck 1.5 stops down at F/4.5.

Canon 11-22

EOS-M3 with Canon EF-M 11-22mm STM IS @11mm

Using this lens has two fundamental advantages over the widest lens Canon offers for the EOS-M system, which is the 11-22mm STM IS. The first advantage is that the lens is much wider angle. When fully corrected to eliminate the fish-eye barrel distortion the image is dramatically more wide-angle. I haven’t downloaded the proper correction profile for this lens yet, but I was able to eliminate most of the barrel distortion to show how much wider this lens is than the 11-22mm.  The two images at the left are taken from the exact same spot and it is a substantial difference in wide-angle coverage. Even with the heavy barrel distortion correction the Samyang is crisp out to the corners.

8mmeosm-1997

Samyang 8mm mostly corrected in Lightroom

The Second advantage is found when leaving the fish-eye effect in place to yield the full 180 degrees of corner to corner coverage for a more abstract take. Although the sample photo bottom left doesn’t utilize this to great effect, cityscapes and forests with the camera looking up can be visually very exciting.

There is of course a few disadvantages to a lens like this. The Canon EF-M 11-22mm offers both STM step motor auto focus which is great for stills and amazing for video. The Canon also has image stabilization which can be invaluable for shots where a tripod is either not possible or simply unavailable.

8mmeosm-1997-2

Samyang 8mm uncorrected

The Samyang 8mm fish-eye is manual all the way. But seriously the depth of field even wide open is pretty damn impressive so focus is a breeze. Set it to 3 feet and everything 18 inches and out is sharp and any F-stop!

This lens can be found used around $200-$230 and brand new for about $280. I think it is well worth the money and will provide both a fun “toy” and a practical wide-angle with Lightroom or Photoshop profiles applied. The lens is also available for Sony APS/c bodies, Panasonic, Olympus, and perhaps others as well. Those using a micro 4/3 chip will not have a full 180 degrees to the corners like the Sony A6000 or Canon EOS M cameras.

PhotoFair is coming up this month at the Newark Pavilion, Newark, CA. February 25th be sure to come by and checkout all the great deals and we have two fabulous seminars Bill Lemon and Dave Martz. Visit PhotoFair for more info.

 

 

I spend a fair amount of time on this blog talking about delicious bokeh. And why not? One of the things that is difficult to do on these ever better phone cameras is a soft background with creamy bokeh. These phone manufacturers are moving towards software enhancements aka ‘portrait mode’ to emulate the classic portrait look. Honestly the latest generation is pretty good, but what they still haven’t done and likely will never do is the telephoto compression effect.

neworleans-0639

New Orleans, LA, 2016

Using a true optical telephoto does more than just bring the subject “closer”. It creates a ‘compression’ effect that is very difficult to emulate with software. The image of the French Quarter in New Orleans to the left was taken with a Canon EOS M3 with an 80-200 zoom set at 121mm (35mm equivalent 194mm). Even with this modest level of telephoto, the compression effect is evident. Look how the background high rises are stuffed up close to the mid ground and foreground.

Camera manufacturers used to have lens guides to help sell SLR users on the benefits of buying additional lenses. Odd that they don’t do that much anymore. These guides often had two charts showing a wide range of focal lengths. The first was an angle of view or magnification chart, the second a perspective chart.

The angle of view chart would take a camera placed in the exact same location pointed at a target in the distance. The first lens was typically the widest lens available maybe a 15mm fish-eye then subsequently longer lenses that effectively brought some distant subject, rendered nearly invisible with the fish-eye, shockingly close with the long telephoto of 800mm or 1200mm. Modern digital cameras with enough pixels can effectively achieve the optical telephoto “effect” with a digital zoom. For every 2x of magnification 4x fewer pixels are used. If a 12mp camera delivers a 4:3 ratio 4000 x 3000 pixel image a 2x digital crop becomes a 2000 x 1500 pixel image. Yes that 12mp camera at 2x digital zoom is now a 3mp camera. 4x digital zoom drops the resolution to 1000 x 750 pixels and that is a mere 0.75mp image. On a full frame camera this is the equivalent of going from a 50mm lens to a 200mm lens but you are cropping away 93.75% of your pixels. Although a photo with as few as 640 x 480 pixels can look fine on a Facebook post it cannot be blown up much or printed very well, nor can it be manipulated in Lightroom or Photoshop type software without major digital noise developing. Digital zoom simply sucks and honestly even a camera with a whopping 108mp, would still be limited to an effective digital zoom magnification ratio of 6x while still maintaining high quality editable images of about 3mp.

Of further note, the camera in phones often use tiny little sensors and focal lengths so short that depth of field is nearly infinite. This is why soft out of focus backgrounds have to be software created (aka “fake”) on phone cameras. The tiny sensors have itty-bitty little pixels that do not gather light well and that leads to more digital noise when shooting in low light or more importantly, when editing images in software programs on your pc.

canon-brochure

Canon USA, 1977

Camera phones do perform exceptionally well outdoors and on close focus subjects like people. They are crisp and sharp. But how many people shoot a “selfie” and think, I don’t look right? Well the camera phone is using a fairly wide-angle lens, otherwise you could not hold the camera in you hand and get your whole face in the picture.

Shooting  a head shot with a wide-angle lens is rarely flattering to the subject. The relative distance from the camera to various contours of the face are exaggerated with the wide-angle lens because you are so close to the subject. Look at it this way: If a tight head shot is taken with a 24mm lens on a FF DSLR, the camera will be about 12-15 inches from the subject. If it is 12 inches away focused on the eyes. the person’s nose would be 10.0 inches away and the eyes 12 inches and the ears 15 inches. This is how the exaggeration occurs, the relative difference is steep as the ears are 50% further away from the image plane as the tip of the nose. The same image made from further away with a 105mm lens would yield the same head shot but with a “flatter” look to the face. Why? Because now the camera is 5 times further away at 60 inches. The tip of the nose is 58 inches and the ears are 63 inches, which is the same 5 inches as before. The relative difference between the tip of the nose and the ears is now only 8% from the position of the camera.

This is where those old school lens brochure’s perspective charts were so revealing. These charts actually showed a fixed subject, say a person and then changed through a series of lenses in the example to the right, from 17mm to 200mm. They kept the subject roughly the same size in the picture. So now the camera had to be moved for each lens to keep the subject the same size. This showed us the perspective of using different lenses. The 17mm shot had the camera up uncomfortably close to the subject which created an illusion that the subject was very far away from the background and distorted the features of the subject. As the lens’ focal length increased the background became increasingly more compressed relative to the subject. A building fifty feet behind the subject now appears to be immediately behind her with a medium telephoto 200mm. Why? Because to keep the subject the same size, the 200mm lens required the camera to be 50 feet away from the subject and thus both the subject and the background were relatively far away. This flattening effect is flattering to the human face as it dis-enhances the natural contours of the face. On full frame cameras the 85mm-135mm range is ideal for portraits.

It is important to remember that depth of field is entirely a matter of focal length, aperture, and distance. In this modern digital world we make comparisons to the “standard” 35mm or ‘full frame’ when comparing lenses across sensor sizes. A 50mm lens on a Canon APS/c camera is “equivalent” to a 80mm lens on 35mm or FF. But it really isn’t. The angle of view is equivalent, but that’s it. The longer 80mm FF lens at the same f-stop will have a more shallow depth of field. The 50mm lens on the APS/c would remain at the same subject to camera distance because the shorter focal length is equally offset by the cropped sensor. All else equal the focal length is shorter and the depth of field is greater. Throwing the background out of focus will be harder on the APS/c than the full frame. So for portraits a 50mm on a Canon 7d is NOT the true equivalent of an 80mm on a 5d.

We are nowhere near the point where a cell phone camera or even a good compact camera can deliver the capability of a DSLR or Compact System Camera. I shoot a lot of photos on my phone because I always have it on me, but I shoot more photos on my ‘real’ cameras because they just do more and they do it better!

 

canon-brochure-2

Canon USA, 1977

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